FIA FORMULA ONE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP
1997 SPORTING REGULATIONS
The FIA will organise the FIA Formula One World Championship (the Championship) which is the property of the FIA and comprises two titles of World Champion, one for drivers and one for constructors. It consists of the Formula One Grand Prix races which are included in the Formula One calendar and in respect of which the ASNs and organisers have signed the organisation agreement provided for in the 1997 Concorde Agreement (Events). All the participating parties (FIA, ASNs, organisers, competitors and circuits) undertake to apply as well as observe the rules governing the Championship and must hold FIA Super Licences which are issued to drivers, competitors, officials, organisers and circuits.
1) The final text of these Sporting Regulations shall be the English version which will be used should any dispute arise as to their interpretation. Headings in this document are for ease of reference only and do not form part of these Sporting Regulations.
2) These Sporting Regulations were published on 30 October 1996 and come into force on 1 January 1997 except as regards Articles 43 to 49 which will come into force on 1 November 1996 and replace all previous FIA Formula One World Championship Sporting Regulations.
3) All drivers, competitors and officials participating in the Championship undertake, on behalf of themselves, their employees and agents, to observe all the provisions as supplemented or amended of the International Sporting Code (the Code), the Formula One Technical Regulations (the Technical Regulations) and the present Sporting Regulations together with all the provisions of the 1997 Concorde Agreement (the Agreement) of which they have had due notice.
4) The Championship is governed by the Agreement and its schedules.
5) Any special national regulations must be submitted to the FIA with the original application for inclusion of an event on the international calendar. Only with the approval of the FIA can such special regulations come into force for an Event. The FIA will ensure that all applicant competitors are informed of such special regulations before entries close under Article 43.
6) It is the competitor's responsibility to ensure that all persons concerned by his entry observe all the requirements of the Agreement, the Code, the Technical Regulations and the Sporting Regulations. If a competitor is unable to be present in person at the Event he must nominate his representative in writing. The person having charge of an entered car during any part of an Event is responsible jointly and severally with the competitor for ensuring that the requirements are observed.
7) Competitors must ensure that their cars comply with the conditions of eligibility and safety throughout practice and the race.
8) The presentation of a car for scrutineering will be deemed an implicit statement of conformity.
9) All persons concerned in any way with an entered car or present in any other capacity whatsoever in the paddock, pits, pit lane, or track must wear an appropriate pass at all times.
10) All drivers, competitors and officials participating in the Championship must hold an FIA Super Licence. Applications for Super Licences must be made to the FIA through the applicant's ASN.
The driver's name will remain on the list for Super Licences for one year.
11) All drivers, competitors and officials must hold current and valid FIA Super Licences and, where applicable, licences and/or authorisations issued by their ASN(s). A driver must also be in possession of a current medical certificate of aptitude and an international accident control card.
12) Events are reserved for Formula One cars as defined in the Technical Regulations.
13) Each Event will have the status of an international restricted competition.
14) The distance of all races (from start signal to chequered flag, excluding the formation lap referred to in Article 142) shall be equal to the least number of complete laps which exceed a distance of 305 km, save only that should two hours elapse before the scheduled race distance is completed, the leader will be shown the chequered flag when he crosses the start/finish line (the Line) at the end of the lap during which such period of two hours shall end. The Line is a single line which crosses both the track and the pit lane.
15) The maximum number of Events in the Championship is 17, the minimum is 8.
16) The final list of Events is published by the FIA before 1 January each year.
17) An Event which is cancelled with less than three months written notice to the FIA will not be considered for inclusion in the following year's Championship unless the FIA judges the cancellation to have been due to force majeure.
18) An Event may be cancelled if fewer than 12 cars are available for it.
19) The Formula One World Championship driver's title will be awarded to the driver who has scored the highest number of points, taking into consideration all the results obtained during the Events which have actually taken place.
20) Points will not be awarded for the Championship unless the driver has driven the same car throughout the race in the Event in question.
21) The title of Formula One World Champion for Constructors will be awarded to the make which has scored the highest number of points, taking into account all the results obtained by a maximum of 2 cars per make.
22) The constructor of an engine or rolling chassis is the person (including any corporate or unincorporated body) which owns the intellectual property rights to such engine or chassis. The make of an engine or chassis is the name attributed to it by its constructor.
If the make of the chassis is not the same as that of the engine, the title will be awarded to the former which shall always precede the latter in the name of the car.
23) Points for both titles will be awarded at each Event according to the following scale :
1st 10 points
2nd 6 points
3rd 4 points
4th 3 points
5th 2 points
6th 1 point
24) If a race is stopped under Articles 158 and 159, and cannot be restarted, no points will be awarded in case A, half points will be awarded in case B and full points will be awarded in case C.
25) The Drivers finishing first, second and third in the Championship must be present at the annual FIA Prize Giving ceremony. Any such driver who is absent will be liable to a maximum fine of US$50,000.00. All competitors shall use their best endeavours to ensure that their drivers attend as aforesaid.
26) Prizes and points awarded for all the positions of competitors who tie, will be added together and shared equally.
27) If two or more constructors or drivers finish the season with the same number of points, the higher place in the Championship (in either case) shall be awarded to :
a) the holder of the greatest number of first places,
b) if the number of first places is the same, the holder of the greatest number of second places,
c) if the number of second places is the same, the holder of the greatest number of third places and so on until a winner emerges,
d) if this procedure fails to produce a result, the FIA will nominate the winner according to such criteria as it thinks fit.
28) An application to promote an Event must be made to the ASN of the country in which the Event is to take place, which will apply to the FIA. It must be accompanied by written evidence that the promoter has made arrangements within the terms of the Agreement to secure the participation of competitors, which arrangements are conditional only upon the FIA entering the Event on the Championship calendar.
ORGANISATION OF EVENTS
29) An organiser is a body appointed and/or approved in accordance with the Agreement with the powers and responsibilities set out therein. Upon deciding to grant an application to hold an Event, the FIA will invite the relevant ASN to organise it or to nominate an organiser. If the ASN is not in a position to do so, the FIA may itself appoint an organiser. The organiser must be a club or body acceptable to the FIA and must enter into the organisation agreement set out in schedule 6 of the Agreement when it applies to organise the Event.
30) Each organiser shall supply the information set out in Appendix 1, part A hereto to the FIA no later than 90 days before the Event. The FIA, if satisfied with such information, shall complete part B and forward both parts to all competitors no later than 60 days before the Event.
31) The promoter of an Event must procure that all competitors, their personnel and drivers are covered by third party insurance as required by the Agreement and its schedules.
32) Ninety days before the Event, the promoter must send the FIA details of the risks covered by the insurance policy which must comply with the national laws in force as well as the Agreement. Sight of the policy must be available to the competitors on demand.
33) Third party insurance arranged by the promoter shall be in addition and without prejudice to any personal insurance policy held by a competitor or any other participant in the Event.
34) Drivers taking part in the Event are not third parties with respect to one another.
35) For each Event the FIA will nominate the following delegates:
- safety delegate ;
- medical delegate ;
- technical delegate ;
- press delegate.
and may nominate :
- a representative of the President of the FIA ;
- an observer ;
- a stewards advisor ;
- a safety car driver ;
- a medical car driver.
36) The role of the FIA delegates is to help the officials of the Event in their duties, to see within their fields of competence that all the regulations governing the Championship are respected, to make any comments they judge necessary and to draw up any necessary reports concerning the Event.
37) The technical delegate nominated by the FIA will be responsible for scrutineering and will have full authority over the national scrutineers.
38) The following officials will be nominated by the FIA :
- Two stewards from among holders of the FIA Super Licence of nationality different to that of the organiser.
The two FIA stewards will decide who, between them, will act as chairman. In conformity with Article 134 of the Code, the stewards of the meeting will officiate as a body under the authority of their chairman.
- A race director ;
- A permanent starter.
39) The following officials will be nominated by the ASN from among holders of an FIA Super Licence, and their names sent to the FIA at the same time as the application to organise the Event :
- One steward from among the ASN's nationals.
- The clerk of the course.
40) The clerk of the course shall work in permanent consultation with the race director. The race director shall have overriding authority in the following matters and the clerk of the course may give orders in respect of them only with his express agreement :
a) the control of practice and the race, adherence to the timetable and, if he deems it necessary, the making of any proposal to the stewards to modify the timetable in accordance with the Code or Sporting Regulations,
b) the stopping of any car in accordance with the Code or Sporting Regulations,
c) the stopping of practice or the race in accordance with the Sporting Regulations if he deems it unsafe to continue and ensuring that the correct restart procedure is carried out,
d) the starting procedure,
e) the use of the safety car.
41) The race director, the clerk of the course, the technical delegate and the national steward must be present at the Event from 10.00 on the date of scrutineering, the two FIA stewards from 15.00 on the same day.
42) The race director and the clerk of the course must be in race control and in radio contact with all marshal's posts at all times when cars are permitted to run on the track . The stewards and other officials must be in contact with the race director and clerk of the course at all times.
43) Applications to compete in the Championship may be submitted to the FIA at any time between 1 November and 15 November each year, on an entry form as set out in Appendix 2 hereto accompanied by the entry fee provided for in the Agreement. Entry forms will be made available by the FIA who will notify the applicant of the result of the application no later than 1 December. Successful applicants are automatically entered in all Events of the Championship and will be the only competitors at Events.
44) Applications shall include :
a) confirmation that the applicant has read and understood the Agreement (including its schedules), the Code, the Technical Regulations and the Sporting Regulations and agrees, on its own behalf and on behalf of everyone associated with its participation in the Championship, to observe them,
b) the name of the team (which must include the name of the chassis),
c) the make of the competing car(s),
d) the make of the engine(s),
e) the name(s) of the driver(s). A driver may be nominated subsequent to the application upon payment of a fee fixed by the FIA,
f) an undertaking by the applicant to participate in every Event with the number of cars and drivers entered.
g) an undertaking that the car does not make use of any component, system, software or device which has been (or might reasonably be suspected to have been) designed, supplied or constructed by or with the help of anyone who has been involved on behalf of the FIA with checking Formula One electronic systems during the 24 months immediately preceding the application.
45) A competitor may change the make and/or type of engine at any time during the Championship. All points scored with an engine of different make to that which was first entered in the Championship will count (and will be aggregated) for the assessment of Benefits and for determining team positions for pre-qualifying purposes, however such points will not count towards (nor be aggregated for) the FIA Formula One Constructors Championship.
46) With the exception of those whose cars have scored points in the Championship of the previous year, applicants must supply information about the size of their company, their financial position and their ability to meet their prescribed obligations. All applicants who did not take part in the entire Championship for the previous year must also deposit US$500,000.00 with the FIA when submitting their application. This sum will be returned to them forthwith if their application is refused or at the end of their first Championship season provided they have met all the requirements of the Agreement and its schedules.
47) All applications will be studied by the FIA which will publish the list of cars and drivers accepted together with their race numbers on 1 December (or the following Monday if 1 December falls on a week-end), having first notified unsuccessful applicants as set out in Article 43.
48) No more than two entries will be accepted from any one competitor.
49) If in the opinion of the Formula One Commission a competitor fails to operate his team in a manner compatible with the standards of the Championship or in any way brings the Championship into disrepute, the FIA may exclude such competitor from the Championship forthwith.
50) No pass may be issued except in accordance with the Agreement. A pass may be used only by the person and for the purpose for which it was issued.
INSTRUCTIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS TO COMPETITORS
51) In exceptional circumstances, the stewards may give instructions to competitors by means of special circulars in accordance with the Code. These circulars will be distributed to all competitors who must acknowledge receipt.
52) All classifications and results of practice and the race, as well as all decisions issued by the officials, will be posted on the official notice board.
53) Any decision or communication concerning a particular competitor must be given to him within twenty-five minutes of such decision and receipt must be acknowledged.
54) Incident means any occurrence or series of occurrences involving one or more drivers, or any action by any driver, which is reported to the stewards by the race director (or noted by the stewards and referred to the race director for investigation) which :
- necessitated the stopping of a race under Article 158;
- constituted a breach of these Sporting Regulations or the Code;
- caused a false start by one or more cars;
- caused an avoidable collision;
- forced a driver off the track;
- illegitimately prevented a legitimate overtaking manoeuvre by a driver;
- illegitimately impeded another driver during overtaking.
55) It shall be at the discretion of the stewards to decide, upon a report or a request by the race director, if a driver or drivers involved in an incident shall be penalised.
If a driver is involved in a collision or Incident (see Article 54), he must not leave the circuit without the consent of the stewards.
56) The stewards may impose a time penalty on any driver involved in an Incident.
57) Should the stewards decide to impose a time penalty, the following procedure shall apply :
a) The stewards shall, no later than twenty-five minutes after the moment at which the Incident occurred, give written notification of the time penalty which has been imposed to an official of the team concerned on the pitwall; this penalty will also be transmitted on the video monitors as rapidly as possible.
b) Subject to e) below, after notification has been given to the team pursuant to a) above, the relevant driver may cover no more than three complete laps before entering the pits and proceeding to his pit where he shall remain for the period of the time penalty. During the time the car is stationary it may not be worked on unless the engine stops, in which case it may be started after the time penalty period has elapsed.
c) When the time penalty period has elapsed the driver may rejoin the race.
d) Any breach or failure to comply with Articles 57 b) or 57 c) may result in the car being excluded.
e) If an Incident for which a time penalty is imposed occurs with 12 or less complete laps remaining to the finish of the race, the stewards shall have the right to add the time penalty to the elapsed time of the driver concerned.
58) Any determination made or any penalty imposed pursuant to Article 56 shall be without prejudice to the operation of Articles 160 or 161 of the Code.
59) Protests shall be made in accordance with the Code and accompanied by a fee of 2500.00 Swiss Francs or its equivalent in US Dollars or local currency.
60) The stewards may inflict the penalties specifically set out in these Sporting Regulations in addition to or instead of any other penalties available to them under the Code.
CHANGES OF DRIVER
61) During a season, each team will be permitted one driver change for their first car and will be permitted to have three drivers for their second car who may be changed at any time provided that any driver change is made in accordance with the Code and before the start of qualifying practice.
After 18.00 on the day of scrutineering, a driver change may only take place with the consent of the stewards.
In all other circumstances, competitors will be obliged to use the drivers they nominated at the time of entering the Championship except in cases of force majeure which will be considered separately. Any new driver may score points in the Championship.
62) The driver must drive the car alone and unaided.
NUMBER OF CARS PARTICIPATING
63) The number of cars allowed to start the race is limited to 26.
For practice the number is limited to 30, except for the free practice on race day which is open only to those cars which have qualified for the race.
64) Should the number of cars entered in the Championship exceed 30 the following procedure will be used :
- 26 places in qualifying practice will be reserved for constructor's cars according to the classification in the World Championship for Constructors of the two previous half seasons (as defined in Schedule IV part 5 of the Agreement).
- 4 places will be made available to other cars according to pre-qualifying practice.
- Those cars not included in the 26 automatically admitted to qualifying practice will take part in a timed practice session two days before the race (see Article 118) and the 4 fastest will then be allowed to take part in free and qualifying practice sessions (see Articles 119 and 120) together with the aforementioned 26.
RACE NUMBERS AND NAME OF CAR
65) Each car will carry the race number of its driver (or his replacement) as published by the FIA at the beginning of the season. When a car is shown on a 25 cm television monitor in such a way as substantially to fill the screen in at least one dimension, its race number must be clearly visible from the front and from either side of the car.
66) The name or the emblem of the make of the car must appear on the front of the nose of the car and in either case be at least 25mm in its largest dimension. The name of the driver must also appear on the bodywork, on the outside of the cockpit, or on the driver's helmet and be clearly legible.
67) The provisions of the Code relating to national colours shall not apply to the Championship.
68) With the exception of private testing, which may be arranged by the FIA on the day preceding practice at an Event being held on a circuit for the first time, no testing is permitted :
a) on any circuit outside Europe except general testing organised by the Commercial Rights Holder;
b) on any circuit during the seven days preceding race day at each Event except for a shakedown test not exceeding 50 km which must be supervised by the relevant ASN ;
c) on any circuit between the last Event of the Championship and 1 December ;
d) on any circuit which has hosted, or will host, an Event during the Championship year unless an entrant has designated it as the circuit on which it wishes to test during the following year no later than seven days after the acceptance of its entry ;
e) at sites which are not currently approved for Formula 1.
a) For the avoidance of doubt and for description purposes, the pit lane shall be divided into two lanes. The lane closest to the pit wall is designated the "fast lane", and the lane closest to the garages is designated the "inner lane", and is the only area where any work can be carried out on a car.
b) Competitors must not paint lines on any part of the pit lane.
c) No equipment may be left in the fast lane. A car may enter or remain in the fast lane only with the driver sitting in the car behind the steering wheel in his normal position, even when the car is being pushed .
d) Team personnel are only allowed in the pit lane immediately before they are required to work on a car and must withdraw as soon as the work is complete.
70) Each competitor must have all documents required by Article 11 available for inspection at any time during the Event.
71) At the first Event of each Championship, the FIA will check all licences.
72) No competitor, driver or other person concerned with a car can be required to sign any waiver or other document save as provided by the Agreement.
73) Initial scrutineering of the car will take place between 10.00 and 18.00 on the day before first practice in the garage assigned to each team.
74) Unless a waiver is granted by the stewards, competitors who do not keep to these time limits will not be allowed to take part in the Event.
75) No car may take part in the Event until it has been passed by the scrutineers.
76) The scrutineers may :
a) check the eligibility of a car or of a competitor at any time during an Event,
b) require a car to be dismantled by the competitor to make sure that the conditions of eligibility or conformity are fully satisfied,
c) require a competitor to pay the reasonable expenses which exercise of the powers mentioned in this Article may entail,
d) require a competitor to supply them with such parts or samples as they may deem necessary.
77) Any car which, after being passed by the scrutineers, is dismantled or modified in a way which might affect its safety or call into question its eligibility, or which is involved in an accident with similar consequences, must be re-presented for scrutineering approval.
78) The race director or the clerk of the course may require that any car involved in an accident be stopped and checked.
79) Checks and scrutineering shall be carried out by duly appointed officials who shall also be responsible for the operation of the parc fermé and who alone are authorised to give instructions to the competitors.
80) The stewards will publish the findings of the scrutineers each time cars are checked during the Event. These results will not include any specific figure except when a car is found to be in breach of the Technical Regulations.
SUPPLY OF TYRES IN THE CHAMPIONSHIP AND TYRE LIMITATION DURING THE EVENT
81) Supply of tyres :
No tyre may be used in the Championship unless the company supplying such tyre accepts and adheres to the following conditions :
- one tyre supplier present in the Championship : this company must equip 100% of the entered teams on ordinary commercial terms.
- two tyre suppliers present : each of them must, if called upon to do so, be prepared to equip up to 60% of the entered teams on ordinary commercial terms.
- three or more tyre suppliers present : each of them must, if called upon to do so, be prepared to equip up to 40% of the entered teams on ordinary commercial terms.
- each tyre supplier must undertake to provide only two specifications of dry-weather tyre at each Event, each of which must be of one homogenous compound only ;
- if, in the interests of maintaining current levels of circuit safety, the FIA deems it necessary to reduce tyre grip, it shall introduce such rules as the tyre suppliers may advise or, in the absence of advice which achieves the FIA's objectives, specify the maximum permissible contact areas for front and rear tyres.
82) Quantity and type of tyres :
a) The same driver may not use more than a total of thirty-six dry-weather tyres and twenty-eight wet-weather tyres throughout the entire duration of the Event.
Prior to the qualifying practice each driver may use two specifications of dry-weather tyres but must, before qualifying practice begins, nominate which specification of tyre he will use for the remainder of the Event.
For qualifying practice, warm up and the race each driver may use no more than twenty-eight tyres (fourteen front and fourteen rear).
b) A wet-weather tyre is a tyre which is designed for use on a wet track and has a contact area which is less than 75% of that of an equivalent size dry-weather tyre. Wet-weather tyres may only be used after the track has been declared wet by the race director.
83) The control procedure will be as follows :
a) All tyres which are to be used at an Event will be marked with a unique identification.
b) At any time during an Event, and at his absolute discretion, the FIA technical delegate may select the dry-weather tyres to be used by any Team from among the total stock of tyres which such Team's designated supplier has present at the Event.
c) During initial scrutineering, each competitor may have up to thirty-six dry-weather tyres and twenty-eight wet-weather tyres for each of his drivers ready for marking in his garage. Tyres not marked during initial scrutineering can be marked at other times by arrangement with the FIA technical delegate.
d) From among the twenty-eight dry-weather tyres chosen for each car for qualifying practice, warm up and the race, the FIA technical delegate will choose at random sixteen tyres (eight front and eight rear) which are the only dry-weather tyres which such car may use in qualifying practice.
e) A competitor wishing to replace an already marked unused tyre by another unused one must present both tyres to the FIA technical delegate.
84) The use of tyres without appropriate identification is strictly forbidden.
85) The weight of any car may be checked during the Event as follows :
a) all drivers entered in the Championship will be weighed, wearing their complete racing apparel, at the first Event of the season. If a driver is entered later in the season he will be weighed at his first Event.
b) During qualifying practice :
1) the FIA will install weighing equipment in an area as close to the first pit as possible, this area will be used for the weighing procedure ;
2) cars will be selected at random to undergo the weighing procedure. The FIA technical delegate will inform the driver by means of a red light at the pit entrance that his car has been selected for weighing ;
3) having been signalled (by means of a red light), that his car has been selected for weighing, the driver will proceed directly to the weighing area and stop his engine ;
4) the car will then be weighed and the result given to the driver in writing ;
5) if the car is unable to reach the weighing area under its own power it will be placed under the exclusive control of the marshals who will take the car to be weighed ;
6) a car or driver may not leave the weighing area without the consent of the FIA technical delegate.
c) After the race :
Each car crossing the Line will be weighed. If a car is weighed without the driver, the weight determined under 2 above will be added to give the total weight required under Article 4.1 of the Technical Regulations.
d) Should the weight of the car be less than that specified in Article 4.1 of the Technical Regulations when weighed under b) or c) above, the car and the driver will be excluded from the Event save where the deficiency in weight results from the accidental loss of a component of the car due to force majeure.
e) No solid, liquid, gas or other substance or matter of whatsoever nature may be added to, placed on, or removed from a car after it has been selected for weighing or has finished the race or during the weighing procedure. (Except by a scrutineer when acting in his official capacity).
f) Only scrutineers and officials may enter the weighing area. No intervention of any kind is allowed there unless authorised by such officials.
86) Any breach of these provisions for the weighing of cars may result in the exclusion of the relevant car.
GENERAL CAR REQUIREMENTS
87) No signal of any kind may pass between a moving car and anyone connected with the car's entrant or driver save for the following:
a) Legible messages on a pit board.
b) Body movement by the driver.
c) Telemetry signals from the car to the pits.
d) Lap trigger signals from the pits to the car. Lap marker transmitters shall be battery powered and once operating must be free-standing (not attached to any other pit equipment by means of wires or optical fibres) and incapable of receiving external information.
Such lap triggers shall use a transmitter operating with a carrier frequency above 10GHz (radio or optical) and a beam half angle of no more than 36° when measured at the 3dB point, and shall not be used for the transmission of any data from pit to the car other than the lap mark. Lap mark data must be transmitted repeatedly and must be demonstrably consistent.
e) Verbal communication between a driver and his team by radio.
f) Electromagnetic radiation between 2.0 and 2.7GHz is forbidden save with the written consent of the FIA.
88) Accident data recording :
a) Each car must be fitted with an FIA accident data recorder. The sole purpose of these units is to monitor and record data relevant to an accident or incident.
b) The recorder and any related sensors must be fitted and operated in accordance with the instructions of the FIA.
c) At any time following an accident or incident competitors must make the data recorder available and accessible to the FIA. A representative of the Team concerned must be present when data relevant to an accident or incident is being uploaded from the recorder. A copy of the data will be made available to the Team.
d) Any conclusions as to the cause of an accident, or any data relevant to an accident, may only be published in the form of a report which has been agreed between the Team concerned and the FIA.
89) A competitor may use several cars for practice and the race provided that :
a) he uses no more than two cars (one car for a one car Team) for free practice on each of the two practice days ;
b) he uses no more than three cars (two cars for a one car Team) during qualifying practice ;
c) they are all of the same make and were entered in the Championship by the same competitor,
d) they have been scrutineered in accordance with these Sporting Regulations,
e) each car carries its driver's race number.
90) Changes of car may only take place in the pits under supervision of the marshals.
91) No change of car will be allowed after the green light (see Article 142) provided always that if a race has to be restarted under Article 160 Case A, the moment after which no car change will be allowed shall be when the green light for the subsequent start is shown.
92) Official instructions will be given to drivers by means of the signals laid out in the Code. Competitors must not use flags similar in any way whatsoever to these.
93) Drivers are strictly forbidden to drive their car in the opposite direction to the race unless this is absolutely necessary in order to move the car from a dangerous position. A car may only be pushed to remove it from a dangerous position as directed by the marshals.
94) Any driver intending to leave the track or to go to his pit or the paddock area must signal his intention to do so in good time making sure that he can do this without danger.
95) During practice and the race, drivers may use only the track and must at all times observe the provisions of the Code relating to driving behaviour on circuits.
96) A driver who abandons a car must leave it in neutral or with the clutch disengaged and with the steering wheel in place.
97) Repairs to a car may be carried out only in the paddock, pits and on the grid.
98) The organiser must make at least two fire extinguishers of 5 kg capacity available at each such pit and ensure that they work properly.
99) Save as provided in Article 141, refuelling is allowed only in the pits.
100) The driver may remain in his car throughout refuelling but the engine must be stopped unless a container of the kind specified in Article 141 or an FIA approved refuelling system is used. The competitor must ensure that an assistant with an extinguisher (minimum capacity, 25kg) ready to work is beside the car throughout refuelling.
101) Oil replenishment is forbidden during the race. All orifices for oil filling must be designed in such a way that the scrutineers can seal them.
102) Save as specifically authorised by the Code or these Sporting Regulations, no one except the driver may touch a stopped car unless it is in the pits or on the starting grid.
103) At no time may a car be reversed in the pit lane under its own power.
104) During the periods commencing 15 minutes prior to and ending 5 minutes after every practice session and the period between the green lights being illuminated (Article 142) and the time when the last car enters the parc fermé, no one is allowed on the track with the exception of :
a) marshals or other authorised personnel in the execution of their duty ;
b) drivers when driving or under the direction of the marshals ;
c) and mechanics under Article 143 only.
105) During a race, the engine may only be started with the starter, except :
a) in the pit lane where the use of an external starting device is allowed, or
b) under Article 148 c) or d).
106) Drivers taking part in practice and the race must always wear the clothes and helmets specified in the Code.
107) A speed limit of 80 km/h in practice and 120 km/h in the race, or such other speed limits as the Permanent Bureau of the Formula One Commission may decide, will be enforced in the pit lane.
During practice and reconnaissance laps (see Article 139), any driver who exceeds the limit will be fined a maximum of US$10,000 (US$20,000 in the case of a second offence in the same Championship season). During the race, the stewards may impose a time penalty on any driver who exceeds the limit.
108) If a driver has serious mechanical difficulties during practice or the race he must leave the track as soon as it is safe to do so.
109) The car's rear light must be illuminated at all times when it is running on wet-weather tyres. The technical delegate may check the light at any time until 15 minutes before the green light. No penalty will be imposed if the light fails during a race, nor need the car be stopped.
110) Only six team members per participating car (all of whom shall have been issued with and wearing special identification) are allowed in the signalling area during practice and the race.
People under 16 years of age are not allowed in the pit area.
111) Animals, except those which may have been expressly authorised by the FIA for use by security services, are forbidden in the pit area and on the track and in any spectator area.
112) The race director, the clerk of the course or the FIA medical delegate can require a driver to have a medical examination at any time during an Event.
113) A breach of the provisions of the Code or these Sporting Regulations relating to general safety discipline may result in the exclusion of the car and driver concerned from the Event.
PREQUALIFYING PRACTICE, FREE PRACTICE, QUALIFYING PRACTICE AND WARM UP
114) Save where these Sporting Regulations require otherwise, pit and track discipline and safety measures will be the same for all practice sessions as for the race.
115) No driver may start in the race without taking part in qualifying practice .
116) During practice there will be a green/red light at the pit exit. Cars may only leave the pit lane when the green light is on.
117) During the Event, the circuit shall not be used for any purpose other than the Event except after all practice has finished on each day and during the period beginning after the free practice on race day and ending 60 minutes before the pit lane is opened or at other times with the written consent of the FIA.
118) Should it be necessary for certain cars to pre-qualify in accordance with Article 64, the practice session will take place two days (Monaco : three days) before the race from 08.00 to 09.00.
119) Free practice sessions will take place :
a) Two days (Monaco : three days) before the race from 11.00 to 12.00 and from 13.00 to 14.00.
b) The day before the race from 09.00 to 09.45 and from 10.15 to 11.00.
c) Each driver is allowed a maximum of 30 laps free practice on each day. Any extra lap(s) completed will be deducted from such driver's qualifying practice.
120) Qualifying practice will take place :
a) The day before the race from 13.00 to 14.00.
b) Subject to Article 119 (c), each driver is allowed a maximum of 12 laps qualifying practice. Should a driver complete more than 12 laps all times recorded by the driver will be cancelled.
121) Warm up : a free practice session will take place on race day; it will last 30 minutes and start 4 hours and 30 minutes before the starting time of the race.
122) The interval between the free and qualifying practice session may never be less than 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Only in the most exceptional circumstances can a delay in free practice or other difficulty on race morning result in a change to the starting time of the race.
123) If a car stops during practice it must be removed from the track as quickly as possible so that its presence does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. If the driver is unable to drive the car from a dangerous position, it shall be the duty of the marshals to assist him. If any such assistance results in the car being driven or pushed back to the pits, the car may not be used again in that session. Additionally, if the assistance is given during pre-qualifying practice or qualifying practice, all the driver's lap times for that session will be cancelled.
124) The clerk of the course may interrupt practice as often and for as long as he thinks necessary to clear the track or to allow the recovery of a car. In the case of free practice only, the clerk of the course with the agreement of the stewards may decline to prolong the practice period after an interruption of this kind.
Furthermore if, in the opinion of the stewards, a stoppage is caused deliberately, the driver concerned may have his times from that session cancelled and may not be permitted to take part in any other practice session that day.
125) All cars abandoned on the circuit during the first period of free practice will be brought back to the pits during the interval and may participate in the second period of free practice.
126) Should one or more sessions be thus interrupted, no protest can be accepted as to the possible effects of the interruption on the qualification of drivers admitted to start.
127) All laps covered during qualifying practice will be timed to determine the driver's position at the start in accordance with the prescriptions of Article 132.
With the exception of a lap on which a red flag is shown (see Article 158), each time a car crosses the Line it will be deemed to have completed one lap.
On a circuit where the Line is situated before the first pit, any car which stops on the circuit having already completed its total allocation of laps, will be deemed to have covered an extra lap.
STOPPING THE PRACTICE
128) Should it become necessary to stop the practice because the circuit is blocked by an accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of the course shall order a red flag and the abort lights to be shown at the Line. Simultaneously, red flags will be shown at all marshal posts.
When the signal is given to stop all cars shall immediately reduce speed and proceed slowly back to their respective pits, and all cars abandoned on the track will be removed to a safe place. Any lap during which the red flag is shown will not be counted towards a car's total lap allocation for that session.
129) The FIA press delegate will choose a maximum of five drivers who must attend a press conference in the media centre for a period of one hour at 15.00 on the Thursday of the Event (on Wednesday in Monaco). These driver's Teams will be notified no less than 48 hours before the conference. In addition, a maximum of two Team personalities may be chosen by the FIA press delegate to attend this press conference.
On the Friday of the Event (on Thursday in Monaco), a minimum of three and a maximum of six drivers and/or team personalities, (other than those who attended the press conference on the previous day and subject to the consent of the team principal), will be chosen by ballot or rota by the FIA press delegate during the Event and must make themselves available to the media for a press conference in the media centre for a period of one hour at 15.30.
130) Immediatly after qualifying practice the first three drivers in qualifying will be required to make themselves available for television interviews in the unilateral room and then attend a press conference in the media centre for a maximum period of 30 minutes.
131) At the end of qualifying practice, the fastest time achieved by each driver will be officially published (see Article 63).
132) The grid will be drawn up in the order of the fastest time achieved by each driver . Should two or more drivers have set identical times, priority will be given to the one who set it first.
133) The fastest driver will start the race from the position on the grid which was the pole position in the previous year or, on a new circuit, has been designated as such by the FIA safety delegate.
134) Any driver whose best qualifying lap exceeds 107% of the pole position time will not be allowed to take part in the race, save for exceptional circumstances accepted as such by the stewards of the Event.
Should there be more than one driver accepted in this manner, their order will be determined by the stewards.
135) The final starting grid will be published after the warm up on race day. Any competitor whose car(s) is (are) unable to start for any reason whatsoever (or who has good reason to believe that their car(s) will not be ready to start) must inform the clerk of the course accordingly at the earliest opportunity and, in any event, no later than 45 minutes before the start of the race. If one or more cars are withdrawn the grid will be closed up accordingly.
136) The grid will be in a staggered 1 x 1 formation and the rows on the grid will be separated by 8 metres.
137) Any car which has not taken up its position on the grid by the time the ten minute signal is shown will not be permitted to do so and must start from the pits in accordance with Article 140 .
138) A briefing by the race director will take place one hour after the end of warm up on race day in the location allocated for this purpose. All competitors (or their appointed representatives) and drivers of those cars which are eligible to take part in the race must be present throughout the briefing, under penalty of exclusion from the race.
139) 30 minutes before the time for the start of the race, the cars will leave the pits to cover a reconnaissance lap. At the end of this lap they will stop on the grid in starting order with their engines stopped.
Should they wish to cover more than one reconnaissance lap, this must be done by driving down the pit lane at a greatly reduced speed between each of the laps.
140) 17 minutes before the starting time, a warning signal announcing the closing of the pit exit in 2 minutes will be given.
15 minutes before the starting time, the pit exit will be closed and a second warning signal will be given. Any car which is still in the pits can start from the pits, but only under the direction of the marshals. It may be moved to the pit exit only with the driver in position.
Where the pit exit is immediately after the Line, cars will join the race when the whole field has passed the pit exit on its first racing lap. Where the pit exit is immediately before the Line, cars will join the race as soon as the whole field has crossed the Line after the start.
141) During the starting procedure, refuelling and wheel changes will be allowed on the starting grid until the 5 minute signal is shown. Refuelling on the starting grid may only be carried out using one unpressurised container with a maximum capacity of 12 litres. This container may not be refilled during the starting procedure and must be fitted with one or more dry break couplings connecting it to the car.
142) The approach of the start will be announced by signals shown ten minutes, five minutes, three minutes, one minute and thirty seconds before the start of the formation lap, each of which will be accompanied by an audible warning.
When the ten minute signal is shown, everybody except drivers, officials and team technical staff must leave the grid.
When the one minute signal is shown, engines will be started and all team technical staff must leave the grid.
When the green lights are illuminated, the cars will begin the formation lap with the pole position driver leading. During this lap practice starts are forbidden and the formation must be kept as tight as possible.
Overtaking during the formation lap is only permitted if a car is delayed when leaving its grid position and cars behind cannot avoid passing it without unduly delaying the remainder of the field. In this case, drivers may only overtake to re-establish the original starting order.
Any driver who is delayed leaving the grid may not overtake another moving car if he was stationary after the remainder of the cars had crossed the Line, and must start the race from the back of the grid. If more than one driver is affected, they must form up at the back of the grid in the order they left to complete the formation lap.
A time penalty will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of the Stewards, unnecessarily overtook another car during the formation lap.
143) Any driver who is unable to start the formation lap must raise his arm and, after the remainder of the cars have crossed the Line, his mechanics may attempt to rectify the problem under the supervision of the marshals.
If the car is still unable to start the formation lap it will be pushed into the pit lane by the shortest route and the mechanics may work on the car again .
144) When the cars come back to the grid at the end of the formation lap, they will stop on their respective grid positions, keeping their engines running. Once all the cars have come to a halt the five-second signal will appear followed by the four, three, two and one second signals. At any time after the one second signal appears, the race will be started by extinguishing all red lights.
145) There will be a standing start. The starting signal will be given by means of starting lights activated by the permanent starter . During the start of a race, the pit wall must be kept free of all persons with the exception of properly authorised officials and fire marshals all of whom shall have been issued with and shall be wearing the appropriate pass.
146) Any car which is unable to maintain starting order during the entire formation lap or is moving when the one second light comes on must enter the pit lane and start from the pits as specified in Article 140.
147) If, after returning to the starting grid at the end of the formation lap, a driver's engine stops and he is unable to restart the car, he must immediately raise his hands above his head and the marshal responsible for that row must immediately wave a yellow flag.
If the start is delayed, (see Article 148) a marshal with a yellow flag will stand in front of the car concerned to prevent it from moving until the whole field has left the grid. The driver may then follow the procedure set out in Articles 143 and 146. As in Article 144, other cars will maintain their grid positions and the vacant position(s) will not be filled.
Should there be more than one driver in this situation, their new positions at the back of the grid will be determined in accordance with their relative positions on the grid at the start of the formation lap.
148) If a problem arises when the cars reach the starting grid at the end of the formation lap the following procedure shall apply :
a) If the race has not been started, the abort lights will be switched on, all engines will be stopped and the new formation lap will start 5 minutes later with the race distance reduced by one lap. The next signal will be the three minute signal .
b) If the race has been started the marshals alongside the grid will wave their yellow flags to inform the drivers that a car is stationary on the grid.
c) If, after the start, a car is immobilised on the starting grid, it shall be the duty of the marshals to push it into the pit lane by the fastest route. If the driver is able to re-start the car whilst it is being pushed he may rejoin the race.
d) If the driver is unable to start the car whilst it is being pushed his mechanics may attempt to start it in the pit lane. If the car then starts it may rejoin the race. The driver and mechanics must follow the instructions of the track marshals at all times during such a procedure.
149) Should Article 148 apply, the race will nevertheless count for the Championship no matter how often the procedure is repeated, or how much the race is shortened as a result.
150) No refuelling will be allowed on the grid if more than one start procedure proves necessary under Article 148.
151) A time penalty will be imposed for a false start judged using an FIA supplied transponder which must be fitted to the car as specified.
152) Only in the following cases will any variation in the start procedure be allowed :
a) If the track is dry throughout all practice sessions but becomes wet (or vice-versa) after the end of the warm up and at least 60 minutes before the starting time, a 15 minute free practice may be allowed.
b) If it starts to rain after the five-minute signal but before the race is started, the abort lights will be shown on the Line and the starting procedure will begin again at the 15 minute point. If necessary the procedure set out in Article 148 will be followed.
c) If the start of the race is imminent and, in the opinion of the race director, the volume of water on the track is such that it cannot be negotiated safely even on wet-weather tyres, the abort lights will be shown on the Line simultaneously with a "10" board with a red background.
This "10" board with a red background will mean that there is to be a delay of ten minutes before the starting procedure can be resumed. If weather conditions have improved at the end of that ten minute period, a "10" board with a green background will be shown. The "10" board with a green background will mean that the green light will be shown in ten minutes.
Five minutes after the "10" board with the green background is shown, the starting procedure will begin and the normal starting procedure signals (i.e. 5, 3, 1 min., 30 second) will be shown.
If however, the weather conditions have not improved within ten minutes after the "10" board with the red background was shown, the abort lights will be shown on the Line and the "10" board with the red background will be shown again which will mean a further delay of ten minutes before the starting procedure can be resumed.
This procedure may be repeated several times.
At any time when a "10" board (with either a red or green background) is shown, it will be accompanied by an audible warning.
d) If the race is started behind the safety car, Article 157m) will apply.
153) The stewards may use any video or electronic means to assist them in reaching a decision. The stewards may overrule judges of fact. A breach of the provisions of the Code or these Sporting Regulations relating to starting procedure, may result in the exclusion of the car and driver concerned from the Event.
154) A race will not be stopped in the event of rain unless the circuit is blocked or it is dangerous to continue (see Article 158).
155) If a car stops during the race (except under Article 148c and d), it must be removed from the track as quickly as possible so that its presence does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. If the driver is unable to drive the car from a dangerous position, it shall be the duty of the marshals to assist him. If any such assistance results in the engine starting and the driver rejoining the race, the car will be excluded from the results of the race.
156) During the race, drivers leaving the pit lane will do so on their own responsibility. However, a flashing yellow light will be shown at the pit exit and a marshal with a blue flag will warn of cars approaching.
a) The FIA approved safety car will be driven by an experienced circuit driver. It will carry an FIA approved observer capable of recognising all the competing cars, who is in permanent radio contact with race control.
b) 30 minutes before the race start time the safety car will take up position at the front of the grid and remain there until the five-minute signal is given. At this point (except under m) below) it will cover a whole lap of the circuit and enter the pit lane. If Article 152 a) applies, the safety car will take up its position at the front of the grid as soon as the 15 minute practice session has finished.
c) The safety car may be brought into operation to neutralise a race upon the decision of the clerk of the course.
It will be used only if competitors or officials are in immediate physical danger but the circumstances are not such as to necessitate stopping the race.
d) When the order is given to deploy the safety car during the race, all observer's posts (including the Line) will display immobile yellow flags and a board "SC" which shall be maintained until the intervention is over.
e) During the race, the safety car with its revolving lights on, will start from the pit lane and will join the track regardless of where the race leader is.
f) All the competing cars will form up in line behind the safety car no more than 5 car lengths apart. All overtaking is forbidden (except under m) below), unless a car is signalled to do so from the safety car.
g) When ordered to do so by the clerk of the course the observer in the car will use a green light to signal to any cars between it and the race leader that they should pass. These cars will continue at reduced speed and without overtaking until they reach the line of cars behind the safety car.
h) The safety car shall be used at least until the leader is behind it and all remaining cars are lined up behind him.
Once behind the safety car, the race leader must keep within 5 car lengths of it and all remaining cars must keep the formation as tight as possible.
i) While the safety car is in operation, competing cars may stop at their pit, but may only rejoin the track when the green light at the pit exit is on. It will be on at all times except when the safety car and the line of cars following it are about to pass or are passing the pit exit. A car rejoining the track will proceed at reduced speed until it reaches the end of the line of cars behind the safety car.
j) When the clerk of the course calls in the safety car, it must extinguish all the revolving lights and enter the pits at the end of that lap. As the safety car is entering the pits the flags and boards at the observer's posts will be withdrawn.
k) When the safety car has pulled off the circuit and the cars are approaching the Line, green lights will be shown. All observer's posts will then show a green flag. Overtaking remains strictly forbidden until the cars pass the green light at the Line. The green flags will be withdrawn after one lap.
l) Each lap completed while the safety car is in service will be counted as a race lap.
m) In exceptional circumstances the race may be started behind the safety car. In this case, at the five-minute signal its revolving yellow lights will be turned on. This is the signal to the drivers that the race will be started behind the safety car. When the green lights are shown, the safety car will leave the grid with all cars following in grid order no more than 5 car lengths apart. There will be no formation lap and race will start when the leading car crosses the line for the first time.
Overtaking, during the first lap only, is permitted if a car is delayed when leaving its grid position and cars behind cannot avoid passing it without unduly delaying the remainder of the field. In this case, drivers may only overtake to re-establish the original starting order.
Any driver who is delayed leaving the grid may not overtake another moving car if he was stationary after the remainder of the cars had crossed the Line, and must form up at the back of the line of cars behind the safety car. If more than one driver is affected, they must form up at the back of the field in the order they left the grid.
A time penalty will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of the Stewards, unnecessarily overtook another car during the first lap.
STOPPING A RACE
158) Should it become necessary to stop the race because the circuit is blocked by an accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of the course shall order a red flag and the abort lights to be shown at the Line. Simultaneously, red flags will be shown at all marshal posts.
When the signal is given to stop all cars shall immediately reduce speed in the knowledge that :
- the race classification will be that at the end of the penultimate lap before the lap in which the signal to stop the race was given,
- race and service vehicles may be on the track,
- the circuit may be totally blocked because of an accident,
- weather conditions may have made the circuit undriveable at racing speed,
- the pit lane will be open.
159) The procedure to be followed varies according to the number of laps completed by the race leader before the signal to stop the race was given :
Case A : Less than two full laps. If the race can be restarted, Article 160 will apply.
Case B : Two or more full laps but less than 75% of the race distance (rounded up to the nearest whole number of laps). If the race can be restarted, Article 161 will apply.
Case C : 75% or more of the race distance (rounded up to the nearest whole number of laps). The cars will be sent directly to the parc fermé and the race will be deemed to have finished when the leading car crossed the Line for the penultimate time before the race was stopped.
RESTARTING A RACE
160) Case A.
a) The original start shall be deemed null and void.
b) The length of the restarted race will be the full original race distance.
c) The drivers who are eligible to take part in the race shall be eligible for the restart either in their original car or in a spare car.
d) After the signal to stop the race has been given, all cars able to do so will proceed directly but slowly to either:
- the pit lane or;
- if the grid is clear, to their original grid position or;
- if the grid is not clear, to a position behind the last grid position as directed by the marshals.
e) All cars may be worked on.
f) Refuelling will be allowed until the five-minute signal is shown.
161) Case B.
a) The race shall be deemed to be in two parts, the first of which finished when the leading car crossed the Line for the penultimate time before the race was stopped.
b) The length of the second part will be three laps less than the length of the original race less the first part.
c) The grid for the second part will be a standard grid with the cars arranged in the order in which they finished the first part.
d) Only cars which took part in the original start will be eligible and then only if they returned under their own power by an authorised route to either :
- the pit lane or ;
- to a position behind the last grid position as directed by the marshals.
e) No spare car will be eligible.
f) Cars may be worked on in the pits or on the grid. If work is carried out on the grid, this must be done in the car's correct grid position and must in no way impede the re-start.
g) If a car returns to the pits it may be refuelled. If a car is refuelled it must take the re-start from the back of the grid and, if more than one car is involved, their positions will be determined by their order on the penultimate lap before the race was stopped. In this case their original grid positions will be left vacant.
162) In both Case A and Case B :
a) 10 minutes after the stop signal, the pit exit will close.
b) 15 minutes after the stop signal, the five-minute signal will be shown, the grid will close and the normal start procedure will recommence.
c) Any car which is unable to take up its position on the grid before the five-minute signal will be directed to the pits. It may then start from the pits as specified in Article 140.
The organiser must have sufficient personnel and equipment available to enable the foregoing timetable to be adhered to even in the most difficult circumstances.
163) The end-of-race signal will be given at the Line as soon as the leading car has covered the full race distance in accordance with Article 14. Should two hours elapse before the full distance has been covered, the end-of-race signal will be given to the leading car the first time it crosses the Line after such time has elapsed.
164) Should for any reason (other than under Article 158) the end-of-race signal be given before the leading car completes the scheduled number of laps, or the prescribed time has been completed, the race will be deemed to have finished when the leading car last crossed the Line before the signal was given. Should the end-of-race signal be delayed for any reason, the race will be deemed to have finished when it should have finished.
165) After receiving the end-of-race signal all cars must proceed on the circuit directly to the parc fermé without stopping, without receiving any object whatsoever and without any assistance (except that of the marshals if necessary).
Any classified car which cannot reach the parc fermé under its own power will be placed under the exclusive control of the marshals who will take the car to the parc fermé.
166) Only those officials charged with supervision may enter the parc fermé. No intervention of any kind is allowed there unless authorised by such officials.
167) When the parc fermé is in use, parc fermé regulations will apply in the area between the Line and the parc fermé entrance.
168) The parc fermé shall be sufficiently large and secure that no unauthorised persons can gain access to it.
169) The car placed first will be the one having covered the scheduled distance in the shortest time, or, where appropriate, passed the Line in the lead at the end of two hours. All cars will be classified taking into account the number of complete laps they have covered, and for those which have completed the same number of laps, the order in which they crossed the Line.
170) If a car takes more than twice the time of the winner's fastest lap to cover its last lap this last lap will not be taken into account when calculating the total distance covered by such car.
171) Cars having covered less than 90% of the number of laps covered by the winner (rounded down to the nearest whole number of laps), will not be classified.
172) The official classification will be published after the race. It will be the only valid result subject to any amendments which may be made under the Code and these Sporting Regulations.
173) The drivers finishing the race in 1st, 2nd and 3rd positions and a representative of the winning constructor must attend the prize-giving ceremony on the podium and abide by the podium procedure set out in Appendix 3 (except Monaco), and immediately thereafter make themselves available for a period of 90 minutes for the purpose of television unilateral interviews and the press conference in the media centre.